existential war, Marek Karp Centre for Eastern Studies, Komentarze OSW, analytical reception.


The purpose of the study is to clarify the peculiarities of interpreting the full-scale stage of the Russian-Ukrainian war by analysts of the Marek Karp Centre for Eastern Studies. The methodological basis of the work is an interdisciplinary approach with particular emphasis on the structural and functional systematic analysis of historiographical facts and the comparative and historical method based on the principles of objectivity and historicism. The scientific novelty of the article consists in clarifying the peculiarities of the modern stage of Russian aggression against Ukraine by the Centre for Eastern Studies employees. The Conclusion. The research proved that the Centre for Eastern Studies closely observed the events of the full-scale stage of the Russian-Ukrainian confrontation, defining it as an existential war. At the same time, not only notorious incidents of armed confrontation fell into the field of their expert discussion. The integrity of the analytical image is complemented by numerous texts about the socio-economic situation in Ukraine, the Kremlin's policy on the occupied territories and successful efforts to create and increase the anti-Putin coalition. Owing to this, the interested observer formed a complete and balanced picture of all the key aspects of the last year of the war. The Polish colleagues, in many respects, imitated the rhetoric of the Ukrainian mass media, placing clear accents when describing the genocidal practices of the Russian regime. This influenced the formation and maintenance of public opinion favourable to Ukraine in Poland and other European Union countries, where Polish Eastern studies have high academic prestige. As a result, this contributes to the neutralization of the efforts of Putin's propagandists in the information space of the states of our partners. Largely owing to this, our country maintains the unwavering support of its allies, despite changes in political cabinets in many countries of the continent. This is an essential prerequisite for the fact that the Ukrainians will not only endure but also win in their most crucial war.


Ber, J. (2023). Ukraina: seria dymisji z korupcją w tle [Ukraine: a series of dismissals with corruption in the background]. URL: https://www.osw.waw.pl/pl/publikacje/analizy/2023-01-31/ukraina-seria-dymisji-z-korupcja-w-tle. (27.03.2023). [in Polish]

Chobit, I., Boichenko, V. (2022). Rol telebachennia u rosiisko-ukrainskii informatsiinii viini [The role of television in the russian-ukrainian information war]. Militari Historical Bulletin, 43, 135–147. Doi: 10.33099/2707-1383-2022-43-1-135-147 [in Ukrainian].

Demianenko, B., Demianenko, A. (2021). Militarization of the Educational Process in Occupied Crimea (2014 – 2019). Skhidnoievropeiskyi istorychnyi visnyk – East European Historical Bulletin, 19, 228–238. Doi: 10.24919/2519-058X.19.233845 [in English].

Drohomyretskyi, B. (2022). Suchasna hibrydno-informatsiina viina: istoriohrafichnyi vymir [Modern Hybrid-Information War: Historiographical Dimension]. Aktualni pytannia humanitarnykh nauk, 48, t. 1, 11–17. DOI: https://doi.org/10.24919/2308-4863/48-1-2. [in Ukrainian].

Ilnytskyi, V., Starka, V., Haliv, M. (2022). Rosiiska propaganda yak element pidhotovky do zbroinoi agresii proty Ukrainy [Russian Propaganda as an Element of Preparation for Armed Aggression Against Ukraine]. Ukrainskyi istorychnyi zhurnal, 5, 43–55. Doi: 10.15407/uhj2022.05.043 [in English].

Masnenko, V., Telvak, Vitalii, Yanyshyn, B. & Telvak, Viktoria. (2021). Identity transformation of the Ukrainian Donbas: from the “wild field” to Russian occupation. Analele Universităţii din Craiova. Istorie, XXVI, 2 (40), 101–114. [in English]

Matuszak, S. (2022). Walka o przetrwanie. Gospodarka Ukrainy w czasie wojny [Fight for survival. The economy of Ukraine during the war]. Komentarze OSW, 472, 1–6. [in Polish]

Matuszak, S. (2023). Wojenny rok w handlu zagranicznym Ukrainy [A year of war in Ukraine's foreign trade]. Komentarze OSW, 487, 1–8. [in Polish]

Menkiszak, M., Domańska, M. & Żochowski, P. (2022). Rosja ogłasza aneksję czterech regionów Ukrainy [Russia announces annexation of four regions of Ukraine]. URL: https://www.osw.waw.pl/pl/publikacje/analizy/2022-10-03/rosja-oglasza-aneksje-czterech-regionow-ukrainy. [in Polish]

Nieczypor, K. & Wilk, A. (2022). Braterstwo broni i wartości. Wizyta Zełenskiego w Waszyngtonie [Brotherhood of arms and values. Zelensky's visit to Washington]. URL: https://www.osw.waw.pl/pl/publikacje/analizy/2022-12-22/braterstwo-broni-i-wartosci-wizyta-zelenskiego-w-waszyngtonie. [in Polish]

Ofitsynskyy, Y. (2018). Suchasna rosiisko-ukrainska viina (za materialamy hazety «The New York Times» 2013 – 2017 rokiv). [The Modern Russian-Ukrainian War (Based on the Materials of the Newspaper The New York Times, 2013 – 2017)]. Uzhhorod: RikU. [in Ukrainian].

Ofitsynskyy, Y. (2022). The estimation of the war in Donbas by scientists and former politicians on the pages of the newspaper the New York Times (february 12, 2015 –april 30, 2018). Naukovyi visnyk Uzhhorodskoho universytetu. Seriia: Istoriia, 1 (46), 82–89. Doi: 10.24144/2523-4498.1(46).2022.258573 [in Ukrainian].

Pokotylo, O., Nashyvochnikov, O. (2021). Sources of the Russian-Ukrainian Armed Conflict. Skhidnoievropeiskyi istorychnyi visnyk – East European Historical Bulletin, 18, 210–218. Doi: 10.24919/2519-058X.18.226536 [in English].

Rogoża, J. (2022a). Społeczeństwo i regiony Ukrainy wobec agresji rosyjskiej [Society and regions of Ukraine in the face of Russian aggression]. URL: https://www.osw.waw.pl/pl/publikacje/analizy/2022-02-25/spoleczenstwo-i-regiony-ukrainy-wobec-agresji-rosyjskiej-0. [in Polish]

Rogoża, J. (2022b). Ukraina: konsolidacja społeczna przeciwko agresorowi [Ukraine: social consolidation against the aggressor]. Komentarze OSW, 431, 1–3. [in Polish]

Rogoża, J. (2022c). Ukraina: konsolidacja społeczna przeciwko agresorowi [Ukraine: social consolidation against the aggressor]. URL: https://www.osw.waw.pl/pl/publikacje/komentarze-osw/2022-03-14/ukraina-konsolidacja-spoleczna-przeciwko-agresorowi. [in Polish]

Rogoża, J. (2022d). Ukraina: od dekomunizacji do derusyfikacji [Ukraine: from decommunization to de-Russification]. Komentarze OSW, 455, 1–5. [in Polish]

Rogoża, J. (2023). Nowa Ukraina – przełom świadomościowy za najwyższą cenę [New Ukraine – a breakthrough in consciousness at the highest price]. Komentarze OSW, 492, 1–8. [in Polish]

Rogoża, J., Żochowski, P. & Matuszak, S. (2022). Zaplecze frontu: zachodnie obwody Ukrainy w warunkach wojny [Back of the front: the western regions of Ukraine in the conditions of war]. Komentarze OSW, 438, 1–4. [in Polish]

Telvak, V. & Werner, W. (2023). Interest in historical figures on the World Wide Web as a marker of historical consciousness in contemporary Ukraine. Eminak, 1 (41), 234-254. [in English].

Wilk, A. & Żochowski, P. (2022a). 43% budżetu Ukrainy na obronę. 253. dzień wojny [43% of Ukraine's defense budget. 253rd day of war]. URL: https://www.osw.waw.pl/pl/publikacje/analizy/2022-11-04/43-budzetu-ukrainy-na-obrone-253-dzien-wojny. [in Polish]

Wilk, A. & Żochowski, P. (2022b). Problematyczne niemieckie wsparcie wojskowe dla Ukrainy. 281. dzień wojny [Problematic German military support for Ukraine. 281st day of war]. URL: https://www.osw.waw.pl/pl/publikacje/analizy/2022-12-02/problematyczne-niemieckie-wsparcie-wojskowe-dla-ukrainy-281-dzien. [in Polish]

Zespół OSW. (2022). Fikcja – rosyjskie pseudoreferenda aneksyjne na Ukrainie [Fiction – Russian annexation pseudo-referenda in Ukraine]. URL: https://www.osw.waw.pl/pl/publikacje/analizy/2022-09-28/fikcja-rosyjskie-pseudoreferenda-aneksyjne-na-ukrainie. [in Polish]

Zespół OSW. (2023). Rok wojny w analizach Ośrodka Studiów Wschodnich [The year of war in the analyzes of the Center for Eastern Studies]. URL: https://www.osw.waw.pl/pl/publikacje/raport-osw/2023-02-23/rok-wojny. [in Polish].

Żochowski, P. (2022). Terror, pacyfikacja, okupacja Działania Rosji na zajętych terytoriach Ukrainy [Terror, pacification, occupation Russia's actions in the occupied territories of Ukraine]. Komentarze OSW, 439, 1–4. [in Polish].