DEVELOPMENT OF THE AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX OF THE WEST REGIONS IN THE UkrSSR: PLANS OF STATE AND PARTY BODIES POWERS AND PERSPECTIVES OF ITS IMPLEMENTATION (at the end of the 1960s – the first half of the 1970s)
The purpose of the research is to analyze the development scale of the agricultural sector and basic industries of the western regions of the Ukrainian SSR at the end of the 1960s – the first half of the 1970s, to point out the planning drawbacks of the central state and party authorities in (a) determining the geolocation of enterprises, (b) their technical equipment, (c) implementation of progressive technologies, (d) use of a human potential, as well as to elucidate the course of discussions between regional party elites and the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine, which related to a complex of socio economic issues. The methodology of research is based on a complex of problems related to socio-economic development of the western regions of the Ukrainian SSR during the period under study and is determined by general scientific methods (comparative, dialectical, structural functional, etc.) and special historical methods (historical genetic, historical comparative, historical and typological, historical systemic, etc.). The scientific novelty of the research: in historical retrospect, the plans of state party authorities, aimed at increasing the industrial potential of the Western Ukrainian region, have been covered critically; the vision of the local party elite regarding the socio economic development of each region has been shown; the contradictions that existed between regional committees and the State Planning Committee (the DerzhPlan) of the Ukrainian SSR in the process of planning industrial capacities, feasibility of capital investments, (ir)rational use of funds, etc., have been indicated. The Conclusions. The post-war reconstruction of the agro-industrial complex of the western Ukrainian regions was accompanied by the intentions of the central state party authorities to transform the region into a powerful industrial center of the Ukrainian SSR. However, the excessive concentration of management powers in the hands of the “center” often led to unjustified decisions from an economic point of view, provoked criticism from the local party elite, which usually tried to adjust the plans of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine and the State Planning Committee (the DerzhPlan) of the Ukrainian SSR unsuccessfully. The drawbacks of the command-administrative system of economic management became evident in the 1980s and led to a large-scale socio economic crisis, the consequences of which reverberated in the political sphere and, ultimately, became one of the factors of the USSR collapse.
Key words: agro-industrial complex, Ukrainian SSR, western Ukrainian regions, CPU, State Planning Committee (DerzhPlan) of the USSR.
Baran, V., Danylenko, V. (1999). Ukrayina v umovax systemnoyi kryzy (1946 – 1980 rr.) [Ukraine under Conditions of Systemic Crisis (1946 – 1980)]. Kyyiv, 365 р. [in Ukrainian]
Borysenko, M. (2021). Models of Consumer Behavior of Kyiv Residents and Modernization of Urban Lifestyle in the Ukrainian SSR 1955 – 1965. Ukrainskyi istorychnyi zhurnal, 5, 131–142. Doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/uhj2021.05.131
Danylenko, V. (1999). Ukrayina v umovax systemnoyi kryzy (1946 – 1980-i rr.) [Ukraine under Conditions of Systemic Crisis (1946 – the 1980s)]. Kyiv, 304 р. [in Ukrainian]
Derzhavnyi arkhiv Ivano-Frankivskoi oblasti [State Archives of Ivano-Frankivsk region – SAIFR]
Derzhavnyi arkhiv Lvivskoi oblasti [State Archives of Lviv Region – SALR]
Dokashenko, V. & Kontsur, V. (2022). Soviet Trade Unions and the Restoration of the Institute of labor disputes (1953 – 1964). Skhidnoievropeiskyi istorychnyi visnyk – East European Historical Bulletin, 22, 164–177. doi: https://doi.org/10.24919/2519-058X.22.253729
Kosharnyj, I. (1974). Ryasni plody druzhby (ekonomichni i kulturni peretvorennya u zaxidnyx oblastyax Ukrayiny za roky Radyanskoyi vlady) [Abundant Fruits of Friendship (economic and cultural transformations in the western regions of Ukraine during the years of Soviet rule)]. Lviv, 280 р. [in Ukrainian]
Kostyk, P. (1980). U borotbi za texnichne osnashhennya silskogo gospodarstva: Diyalnist Kompartiyi Ukrayiny po stvorennyu i dalshomu rozvytku materialno-texnichnoyi bazy silskogo gospodarstva zaxidnyx oblastej URSR. 1939 – 1975 rr. [In the Struggle for Technical Equipment of Agriculture: Activities of the Communist Party of Ukraine on the Creation and Further Development of the Material and Technical Base of Agriculture in the Western Regions of the Ukrainian SSR. 1939 – 1975]. Lviv, 165 р. [in Ukrainian]
Kovpak, L. (2003). Socialno-pobutovi umovy zhyttya naselennya Ukrayiny v drugij polovyni XX st. (1945 – 2000) [Social and household living conditions of the population of Ukraine in the second half of the 20th century (1945 – 2000)]. Kyyiv, 250 р. [in Ukrainian]
Lisovska, O. (2010). Ukrayinske selo u 60-ti pershij polovyni 80-x rr. XX st. (stan materialno-texnichnoyi bazy) [A Ukrainian Village in the 1960s and the First Half of the 1980s. (state of material and technical base)]. Uman, 216 р. [in Ukrainian]
Loboda, I. (1984). Udoskonalennya sposobu zhyttya trudivnykiv sela [Improving the Lifestyle of Village Workers]. Kyiv, 154 р. [in Ukrainian]
Lukynov, Y. (1987). Razvytye agrarnoj еkonomyky Ukraynskoj SSR [Development of the Agrarian Economy of the Ukrainian SSR]. Kyiv, 532 р. [in Russian]
Makarchuk, S. (1983). Etnosocyalnoe razvitie i nacyonalnye otnosheniya na zapadnoukrainskyh zemliah v period imperyalizma [Ethno-social Development and National Relations in Western Ukrainian Lands during the Period of Imperialism]. Lvov, 255 р. [in Russian]
Malko, O. (1978). Robitnychyj klas – trudivnykam sela [Working Class – to the Workers of the Village]. Kyiv, 134 р. [in Ukrainian]
Malyarchuk, O. (2015). Socialno-ekonomichni procesy v zaxidnomu region Ukrayinskoyi RSR (1964 – 1991) [Socio-economic Processes in the Western Region of the Ukrainian SSR (1964 – 1991)]. Ivano-Frankivsk, 548 р. [in Ukrainian]
Malyarchuk, O. (2022). Industrial Processes in the Western Region of the Ukrainian SSR: gains and miscalculations. Ukrainskyi istorychnyi zhurnal, 2, 92–107. Doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/uhj2022.02.091
Nesterenko, A. (1975). Zakonomernosty socyalno-еkonomycheskogo razvytyya goroda y derevny [Laws of Social and Economic Development of Cities and Villages]. Kyiv, 225 р. [in Russian]
Padalka, S. (2002). Ukrayinske selo v konteksti polityky totalitarnoyi derzhavy (60-80-ti roky XX st.) [The Ukrainian Village in the Context of the Policy of the Totalitarian State (the 60s – 80s of the 20th century)]. Kyiv, 160 р. [in Ukrainian]
Panchenko, P. & Chyshko, V. (1989). Ukraynskoe selo na putyax nauchno-texnycheskogo progressa: dostyzhenyya y proschetu (60–80-e godu) [A Ukrainian Village on the Path of Scientific and Technological Progress: Achievements and Miscalculations (the 60s – 80s)]. Kyiv, 184 р. [in Russian]
Petrenko, V. (1970). Selo na shlyaxax pidnesennya. Zminy v skladi, umovax praci i zhytti kolgospnogo selyanstva Ukrayinskoyi RSR (1951 – 1969) [The Village is on the Rise. Changes in the Composition, Working Conditions and Life of the Collective Farm Peasantry of the Ukrainian SSR (1951 – 1969)]. Kyyiv, 348 р. [in Ukrainian]
Popp, R. & Cantor, N. (2021). Everyday Life of the Intelligentsia of the Western Region of Ukraine in 1944 – 1953. Skhidnoievropeiskyi istorychnyi visnyk – East European Historical Bulletin, 21, 162–171. Doi: https://doi.org/10.24919/2519-058X.21.246920
Romanczov, V. (1972). Robitnychyj klas Ukrayinskoyi RSR (1946 – 1970 rr.) [The Working Class of the Ukrainian SSR (1946 – 1970)]. Kyiv, 219 р. [in Ukrainian]
Shelest, D. (1971). Kolychestvennоe y kachestvennоe yzmenenyya v sostave rabochego klassa Ukraynskoj SSR (1950 – 1970 gg.) [Quantitative and Qualitative Change in the Composition of the Working Class of the Ukrainian RSR (1950 – 1970)]. Dnepropetrovsk, 186 р. [in Russian]
Stasiuk, O. (2020). The Role of Local Councils in the Political and Economic Transformations of the Western regions of the Ukrainian SSR in the Postwar Period. Ukrainskyi istorychnyi zhurnal, 4, 97–109. Doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/uhj2020.04.097
Tsentralnyi derzhavnyi arkhiv hromadskykh ob’iednan Ukrainy [Central State Archive of Public Associations of Ukraine – CSAPAU]
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
The authors published in this journal agree with following conditions:
1. The authors reserve to themselves the right to the authorship of their works and transfer the right of their first publication to the journal on the terms of Creatіve Common Attrіbutіon Lіcense which allows to freely extend to other persons the published work with an obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and its first publication in this journal.
2. The authors have the right to complete independent additional agreements concerning the not exclusive distribution of their work in the form in which it was published in this journal (for example, to place the work in the electronic storehouse of an establishment or to publish as a monograph component), under the condition of the preservation of the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal.
3. The journal’s policy allows and encourage the authors to place their manuscripts into the Internet (for example, in depositories of establishments or on personal web-sites) either before submitting of the manuscript for publication or during its editorial processing as it assists the occurrence of a productive scientific discussion and positively affects the efficiency and dynamics of citing of the published work.