• Andrii TSEBENKO PhD (History), ThDr, Senior Lecturer, Department of History, Museum Studies and Cultural Heritage, Lviv Polytechnic National University, Ukraine



The purpose of the study is to analyze the state and legal processes that influenced the organizational development of the Orthodox Church in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the Grand Pricipality of Ruthenia (Rus’), the Grand Duchy of Samogitia (Žemaitija) and the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and as the consequence – transformation of the society. The research methodology is based on the principles of historicism, systematic, scientific, verification, authorial objectivity, moderate narrative constructivism, as well as the use of general scientific (analysis, synthesis, generalization) and special historical (historical and genetic, historical and typological, historical and systemic) methods. The scientific novelty of obtained results is determined by the fact that there have been comprehensively analyzed the state and church relations in the Ukrainian lands in the second half of the XVth – at the beginning of the XVIth centuries to comprehend the experience. The Conclusins. In the middle of the XVth century weakened Kyiv metropolitanate became the object of active interest of two religious centres – Rome and Moscow. Religious policy of the Lithuanian and Polish rulers of the second half of the XVth – the beginning of the XVIth century was determined by the pressure of the papal throne on the accession of the Orthodox to the Roman Church (including by means of the Union) and the personal attitude of this or that ruler. Religious intolerance on the part of the Catholic Church and secular authorities forced the Orthodox population to seek protection among the rulers of the Grand Duchy of Moscow. Under the jurisdiction of the Metropolitan of Kyiv there remained the dioceses, which were located on the territory of two states: the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Kingdom of Poland. The difficult situation of the Orthodox Church in the Catholic state, the appointment of dubious people to higher ecclesiastical positions by the king, put on the agenda the need for church reforms. The resolutions of Vilnius Synod were the results of the attempt of the Church, in the person of Metropolitan Joseph, to react to the transformed right of patronage and to propose a model of church and state relations. The decisions of Vilnius Synod reflected the struggle against the interference of the secular authorities in the affairs of Kyiv metropolitanate.

Key words: Kyiv metropolitanate, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the Kingdom of Poland, the Ukrainian lands, Union, religious policy, state and church relations.


Akty istoricheskiye. (1841). Akty istoricheskiye, sobrannyye i izdannyye Arkheograficheskoy komissiyey, 1334 ‒ 1598. [Historical Acts collected and published by the Archaeographic Commission, 1334 ‒ 1598]. (in 5 vol., Vol. 1). Sankt-Peterburg, 608 p. [in Russian]

Akty, otnosyashchíesya k istorii Zapadnoy Rossii. (1846). Akty, otnosyashchíesya k istorii Zapadnoy Rossii, sobrannyye i izdannyye Arkheograficheskoy komissiyey. 1340 ‒ 1506 [Acts relating to the history of Western Russia, collected and published by the Archaeographic Commission. 1340 ‒ 1506]. (in 15 vol., Vol. 1). Sankt-Peterburg, 432 p. [in Russian]

Bednov, V. (2005). Pravoslavnaya Tserkov’ v Pol’she i Litve (no Volumina Legum) [Orthodox Church in Poland and Lithuania (on Volumina Legum)]. Kyiv: Mitropoliya UPTS, 431 p. [in Russian]

Buchyns’kyy, B. (1909). Studiyi z istoriyi tserkovnoyi uniyi. Mysayiliv lyst. [Studies in the History of Church Union. Mysail’s Letter]. Zapysky Naukovoho Tovarystva im. T. H. Shevchenka, (90), 5‒24. [in Ukrainian]

Golubinskiy, E. (1997). Istoriya Russkoy Tserkvi [History of the Russian Church]. (in 4 vol., vol. II, ch. 2). Moskva, 616 p. [in Russian]

Hrushevs’kyy, M. (1994). Istoriya Ukrayiny-Rusy [History of Ukraine-Rus’]. (in 11 vol., Vol. 5). Kyiv: Naukova dumka, 687 p. [in Ukrainian]

Kartashov, A. (1993). Ocherki po istorii Russkoy Tserkvi [Essays on the History of the Russian Church]. (v 2-kh t., T. 2). Moskva, 686 p. [in Russian]

Kmet’, V. (2001). L’vivs’ka yeparkhiya u XVI-na pochatku XVII stolittya [Lviv Diocese in the XVIth – the beginning of the XVIIth Century]. (Extended abstract of Candidate’s thesis). L’viv, 21 p. [in Ukrainian]

Kmet’, V. (2001). Yurysdyktsiynyy status ta orhanizatsiyna struktura Halyts’koyi (L’vivs’koyi) yeparkhiyi (XII – seredyna XVI stolittya) [Jurisdictional Status and Organizational Structure of the Galician (Lviv) Diocese (the XIIth – the middle of the XVIth century)]. Kovcheh: naukovyi zbirnyk iz tserkovnoyi istoriyi, (3), 131‒155. [in Ukrainian]

Krumalenko, M. (2004). Zalezhnist’ pravovoho stanovyshcha naselennya na ukrayins’kykh zemlyakh Velykoho knyazivstva Lytovs’koho u XIV ‒ XVI st. vid relihiynoyi polityky derzhavy. [Dependence of the Legal Status of the Population in the Ukrainian Lands of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the XIVth – the XVIth centuries on the Religious Policy of the State]. Aktual’ni problemy derzhavy i prava, 22, 152‒156. [in Ukrainian]

Mironowicz, A. (2014). Sobory wileńskie 1509 i 1514 roku. [Vilnius Synods in 1509 and 1514], pod red. Marzanny Kuczyńskiej i Urszuli Pawluczuk, Synody Cerkwi prawosławnej w I Rzeczypospolitej, Latopisy Akademii Supraskiej, 5, 71‒82. [in Polish]

Mironowicz, A. (2017). Związki kulturowe monasteru supraskiego z kulturą serbską w XVI wieku. [Cultural Ties of the Supraśl Monastery with Serbian Culture in the 16th Century]. Elpis, 19(19), 149‒168. Doi: [in Polish]

Mončak, I. (1987). Florentine Ecumenism in the Kyivan Church. Rome, 376 p. [in English]

Polnoye sobraniye Russkikh letopisey. (1853). Polnoye sobraniye Russkikh letopisey [Complete Collection of Rus’ Chronicles]. (in 43 vol., Vol. 6). Sankt-Peterburg, 358 p. [in Russian]

Polnoye sobraniye Russkikh letopisey. (1859). Polnoye sobraniye Russkikh letopisey [Complete Collection of Rus’ Chronicles]. (in 43 vol., Vol. 8). Sankt-Peterburg, 301 p. [in Russian]

Polnoye sobraniye Russkikh letopisey. (1880). Polnoye sobraniye Russkikh letopisey. [Complete Collection of Rus’ Chronicles]. (in 43 vol., Vol. 35). Moskva, 306 p. [in Russian]

Rusina, E. (2005). La similitude du dissemblable. La Russie et la grande-principauté de Lituanie XIVe-milieu du XVIe siècle [The Similarity of the Dissimilar. Rus’ and the Grand Principality of Lithuania the 14th-mid-16th Century]. Cahiers du monde russe, 46/1‒2, 39‒50. [in French]

Skochylyas, I. (2010). Halyts’ka (L’vivs’ka) yeparkhiya XII – XVIII stolit’: orhanizatsiyna struktura ta pravovyy status [Galician (Lviv) Diocese of the XIIth – the XVIIIth centuries: Organizational Structure and Legal Status]. L’viv: Vyd-vo UKU, 832 p. [in Ukrainian]

Trajdos, Т. (2019). Dwa przyczynki do historii diecezji kijowskiej w XV w. [Two Contributions to the History of Kyiv Diocese in the 15th Century]. Echa Przeszlosci, 22/1, 107‒128. Doi: [in Polish]

Ul’yanovs’kyy, V. (2004). Mytropolyt kyyivs’kyy Spyrydon: Obraz kriz’ epokhu, epokha kriz’ obraz. [Metropolitan Spyrydon of Kyiv: Image through Epoch, Epoch through Image]. Kyiv: Lybid, 374 p. [in Ukrainian]

Vlasovs’kyy, I. (1988). Narys istoriyi Ukrayins’koyi Pravoslavnoyi Tserkvy. [Essay on the History of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church]. (in 4 vol., Vol. 1). Kyiv: [b.v.], 294 p. [in Ukrainian]