ПРАВОСЛАВНІ ПАРАФІЯЛЬНІ ГРОМАДИ ЯК ОСЕРЕДКИ КОНТРОЛЮ ЗА ШЛЮБНОЮ МОБІЛЬНІСТЮ УКРАЇНСЬКОГО НАСЕЛЕННЯ XVIII ‒ ПЕРШОЇ ПОЛОВИНИ ХІХ ст.

Автор(и)

  • Олена БОРОДЕНКО
  • Роман СІТАРЧУК

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24919/2519-058X.19.233802

Анотація

The Purpose of the Research. The article focuses on the issue of the territorial affiliation of people to the Orthodox parish communities; they controlled the marital mobility of the Ukrainian population of the 18th ‒ the first half of the 19th centuries primarily to prevent illegal weddings and births. The Methodology of the Research. The construction of a generalized image of the Orthodox parish communities took place at the rational and emotional levels of knowledge, but at the same time based on the principle of objectivity. Interdisciplinary strategies of historical anthropology, the methods of critical, structural analysis and the method of sources deconstruction have been used. Interpretations and conclusions are based on the materials of seven archival institutions and documentation of a directive administrative, informational and publishing direction. The Scientific Novelty. The presentation of a new look at the Orthodox communities at the same time exposed the pressing social problems of the period under study, some of which are relevant today: begging, profligacy, crime, illegal weddings and childbearing, infanticide, family breakdown due to the departure of one of the married couple to earn money or sale serfs and, etc. The Conclusions. In the XVIIIth century witness documentation was introduced, which allowed the population to migrate and get married legally. According to a civil law, the marriage registration by parishioners who were the bride or groom, was supposed to take place in the churches. People acquired membership in the new parish in the context of the issuance of the relevant permission documents in connection with the relocation, the redeployment of military units, the remoteness of the parish church from society, the unsatisfactory state of the church premises for worship, and etc. Significant factors that led to significant population movements and possible violations of matrimonial requirements were the salary movement of the common people and the flight of serfs. In the marriage case of dependent peasants of different owners and changes in the arrival of the bride-serfs, they had to submit manumission, letters of sale and purchase of peasants, or documents, which testified to releasing a person from serfdom.

Біографії авторів

Олена БОРОДЕНКО

кандидатка історичних наук, доцентка кафедри історії України Полтавського національного педагогічного університету ім. В. Г. Короленка

Роман СІТАРЧУК

доктор історичних наук, професор, перший проректор Полтавського національного педагогічного університету ім. В. Г. Короленка

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Опубліковано

2021-06-30

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