MUSLIM COMMUNITY IN THE EDUCATIONAL SPACE OF SWISS CONFEDERATION AT THE TURN OF THE 20ͭth – 21th centuries

Authors

  • Bohdana SYPKO PhD (History), Assistant Professor of the Department of Modern and Contemporary History of Foreign Countries of Ivan Franko National University of Lviv,

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24919/2519-058x.14.197188

Keywords:

Switzerland, Muslims, Islamic religious education, hijab

Abstract

The aim of the research is to compare different cantonal models of relations of secular authorities with religious organizations, to study the peculiarities of implementing needs of Muslim students and employees in state schools of Switzerland, to analyze the attempts to implement lessons of Islamic religious education in the cantons of St. Gallen, Lucerne and Thurgau and to assess the federal and cantonal initiatives, aimed at preparation of qualified teachers of Islamic studies, in order to research the perspectives of Islamic religious education development in Switzerland. The research methodology is defined by an interdisciplinary nature of approaches (history, law, Islamic studies). The scientific novelty of the research consists in the fact that it was the first time that on the basis of different groups of sources – regulatory and legislative acts, reports and press organs of organizations and profile commissions, as well as didactic materials for school administration, the place of Islamic community in the educational space of Switzerland was analyzed. The Conclusions. In spite of the fact that according to the Constitution of Swiss Confederation, the issues on education and religion were transferred to the cantonal level, the state, through decisions of the Federal Court of the national level, assisted to protection of religious freedoms of Muslim students (permission for visible religious attributes, special-purpose arrangements for swimming lessons, possible absence at the classes during the biggest religious holidays). It was established that the policy of cantons regarding Muslim community was often defined by external tendencies (the discussion on visible religious attributes and introduction of the course “Religions and Humanitarian Culture” concerned, first of all, French-speaking cantons while the attempts to introduce the system of Islamic religious education concern a range of German-speaking cantons). The pilot projects of IRE in St. Gallen, Lucerne and Thurgau revealed the need in establishing, in Switzerland, the correspondent system for preparing teachers of this direction and elaboration of didactic materials. The Confederation responded to this urgent need with creation, in 2015, of a profile branch by the University of Fribourg – Swiss Centre for Islam and Society. The perspective direction of the research is still the comparison of Swiss, German and Austrian approaches to preparation of IRE teachers and development of didactic materials

Downloads

Issue

Section

Articles