UKRAINIAN ECONOMIC ACADEMY (1922 – 1935) AS A MODEL OF DEVELOPMENT OF AGRARIAN EDUCATION AND SCIENCE BY UKRAINIAN DIASPORY
Summary. The aim of research is to highlight the main stages of organization Ukrainian Economic Academy (Podebrady, Czechoslovakia), its activities, structure and contribution to the development of agricultural science. The research methodology is based on the general scientific principles of historical authenticity, objectivity, systemicity, complexity, and scientific. The author used general scientific, interdisciplinary and special historical methods. The article is based on factual material, archival documents, which reveal the history of creation of the Ukrainian Economic Academy, as the higher school of the polytechnic type, functioning on the traditions of the Ukrainian free science, culture and patriotism. The scientific novelty of the article is that the author first demonstrated a difficult period of formation, reform and development of Academy, which received a good material and technical base, qualified teaching staff, a significant number of students have achieved positive results in the preparation of highly educated professionals. Academy has become an essential element of the spiritual unity of Ukrainians, an indicator of the maturity of the Ukrainian science, education and culture. Conclusions. The representatives of Academy considered knowledge as a factor of socio-economic welfare of the people and confirmed the tendency of increased influence of scientific-educational and cultural potential for the deepening and affirmation of national consciousness, social organization and activities of Ukrainians in the deployment of the struggle for independence of their homeland. The education of future specialists was aimed at rebuilding the national economy and a new Ukrainian state, serving the interests of the nation and society. Democratic methods of the Academy's activities, the use of the latest advances in science and technology contributed to its mutually beneficial cooperation with various scientific organizations in Europe and America. This ensured the effectiveness of the Academy, in particular, the high level of teaching, which, by their knowledge and skills, did not yield to graduates of the universities of the West, successfully worked in various fields of the economy. Achievements of the educational complex increased its authority on the international arena and showed that Ukrainian science abroad occupied an honorable place.
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