UKRAINIAN HUMANITARIANS IN THE SECOND POLISH REPUBLIC: PARTICIPATION IN FOREIGN SCIENTIFIC COOPERATION
The purpose of the study is to analyze comprehensively the implementation ways of foreign scientific cooperation by the Ukrainian humanitarians in the Second Polish Republic. The methodological basis of the work is an interdisciplinary approach. Particular emphasis is focused on the structural and functional systematic analysis of historiographical facts and the comparative and historical method, based on the principles of objectivity and historicism. In the study there have been also used the methods of periodization, classification and typology. The scientific novelty of the article consists in the attempt to comprehensively reconstruct the participation of the Ukrainian humanitarians of the Second Polish Republic in foreign scientific cooperation. The Conclusions. As a result, we have noted that in some places, with the support and collaboration of the Polish authorities, but more often than not, contrary to its national and cultural policy, in interwar Poland the Ukrainian humanitarians adapted well to the existing difficult realities generally. Responding to socio-political and cultural challenges, they tried to preserve the established traditions of foreign cooperation successfully and, despite the chronic financial impoverishment, worthily represented Ukrainian science in the international arena. It has been proved that the most active in foreign partnerships were the staff of the Shevchenko Scientific Society and the Ukrainian Scientific Institute in Warsaw. It has been emphasized that the established foreign cooperation became especially important in terms of the last pre-war decade when the sub-Soviet Ukrainian socio-humanitarian sciences suffered several devastating waves of repression. It has been concluded that under the conditions of statelessness, the international scientific activity developed by the Ukrainian humanities representatives in interwar Poland acquired essential features of cultural diplomacy aimed at establishing the political subjectivity of the Ukrainians.
Keywords: Ukrainian humanitarians, foreign scientific cooperation, the Second Polish Republic, Shevchenko Scientific Society, Ukrainian Scientific Institute in Warsaw.
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