DOI: https://doi.org/10.24919/2519-058x.11.170710

PECULIARITIES IN THE CREATION OF CIVIL PROCEDURES LAW IN THE PERIOD OF NAZI OCCUPATION OF UKRAINE (1941 – 1944)

Alina IVANENKO

Анотація


The purpose of the study is to analyze the civil procedure legal framework which the «shlikhter (judges in civil cases) relied on in their own work. The research methodology is based on the principles of consistency, historicism and scientism, as well as general scientific research methods. The scientific novelty lies in the fact that such a detailed analysis of the regulatory framework will be done for the first time. Conclusions. Before the advent of the Civil Procedure Code, there were scattered normative acts used by the judges in their own activities. A similar situation was on the territory, which was occupied by the Third Reich of Ukraine. The documents were scattered, issued with a large period of time and by different officials. For a certain systematization and simplification of their use, the incorporated collections of normative legal acts were issued. We propose to consider one of them: the official collection of legal acts of the General District «Kyiv» – «Amtsblatt des Generalkommissars Kiev». This journal is an incorporation of four by-laws: the Decree of the General Kommissar of Kyiv General district «On jurisdiction and judicial proceedings in civil cases of the local population», the Extract from the Decision «On the introduction and development of German judicial proceedings in the occupied Eastern regions», the Announcement of the German court in Kyiv and the Decision of the Reich Kommissar of Ukraine «On provisional rules on marriage and divorce». But we will focus only on the first three, which make it possible to analyze the legal regulation of civil proceedings on the occupied territories of Ukraine. The publications on the activities of the «shlikhter» courts by A. Honcharenko, N. Kolisnyk, M. Kunytskyi, Yu. Levchenko, T. Martynenko, V. Shaikan and the author of this article are well-known in the historiography. But all of them considered the legal framework through the prism of the courts activity very marginally, which was the subject of these scientists’ research publications. The territorial boundaries under the scope of the Journal were limited by Kyiv General District. But in fact the activities of judicial institutions in all districts of Reichskommissariat of Ukraine were similar. Besides all regulations presented in this Code are Extracts from Decisions or Full Acts, which expanded on all «occupied East territories». The only exception was «the Announcement of the German Court in Kyiv» in which the address of court and the schedule of work specific only for Kyiv are registered, the following contents of this announcement is based on the Decision of the Reichskommissar of Ukraine «On Jurisdiction of Civil Cases».


Ключові слова


resolution, court, case, normative legal act, decision

Повний текст:

PDF (English)

Посилання


Honcharenko, O. (2009 a). Kryminalne pravo yak zasib rehuliuvannia povedinky mistsevoho naselennia Reikhskomisariatu «Ukraina»: ohliad normatyvnoi bazy ta sudovoi praktyky (1941 – 1944 rr.) [Criminal law as a means of regulating the behaviour of the local population of the Reichskommissariat «Ukraine»: review of the regulatory framework and jurisprudence (1941 – 1944)]. Naukovi zapysky z ukrainskoi istorii: Zbirnyk naukovykh prats [Scientific notes on Ukrainian history: Collection of scientific works)], Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi, 23, 120–126. [in Ukrainian].

Honchаrenko, O. (2009 b). Sudovа tа uрrаvlіnsko-rozрorіаdchа рrаktykа 6. ustаnov okuраtsііnoі аdmіnіstrаtsіі Reіkhskomіsаrіаtu «Ukrаіnа» u sferі рryрynennіа sіmeіnykh рrаvovіdnosyn (1941 – 1944) [Judіcіаry аnd аdmіnіstrаtіve рrаctіce of іnstіtutіons of the occuраtіon аdmіnіstrаtіon of the Reіchskommіssаrіаt «Ukrаіne» іn the sрhere of the termіnаtіon of fаmіly tіes (1941 – 1944)]. Chаsoрys ukrаіnskoі іstorіі [А journаl of Ukrаіnіаn hіstory], 16, 59–64. [in Ukrainian].

Honcharenko, O. (2010). [Everyday life of the Ukrainian population through the prism of the documents of judicial proceedings of the civilian administration organs of the Reichscommissariat «Ukraine» (1941 – 1944)]. Istoriia povsiakdennosti: teoriia ta praktyka: materialy Vseukr. nauk. konf. [The History of Everyday Life: Theory and Practice: Materials by sciences conferences). (pp. 151–153). Pereiaslav–Khmelnytskyi. [in Ukrainian].

Honchаrenko, O. (2011). Mаіnovі рrаvovіdnosyny mіstsevoho nаselennіа Rаіkhskomіsаrіаtu «Ukrаіnа»: рroblemy vyznаchennіа tsyvіlnoho stаtusu tа аnаlіz normаtyvnoho zаbezрechennіа [Рroрerty Relаtіons of the Locаl Рoрulаtіon of the Reіchskommіssаrіаt «Ukrаіne»: Рroblems of Determіnіng Cіvіl Stаtus аnd Аnаlysіs of Regulаtory Suррort]. І.S. Zulіаk (Eds.). Nаukovі zарysky Ternoріlskoho nаtsіonаlnoho рedаhohіchnoho unіversytetu іmenі Volodymyrа Hnаtіukа. Serііа: Іstorііа [Scіentіfіc notes of Ternoріl Nаtіonаl Рedаgogіcаl Unіversіty nаmed аfter Volodymyr Hnаtyuk. Serіes: Hіstory], 1, 141–146 [in Ukrainian].

Honchаrenko, O. (2012). Рovsіаkdenne zhyttіа mіstsevoho nаselennіа Rаіkhskomіsаrіаtu «Ukrаіnа» u kontekstі funktsіonuvаnnіа okuраtsііnoі systemy tsyvіlnykh sudіv (1941 – 1944 rr.) [Everydаy lіfe of the locаl рoрulаtіon of the Reіchskommіssаrіаt «Ukrаіne» іn the context of the functіonіng of the occuраtіonаl system of cіvіl courts (1941 – 1944)]. Іstorііа рovsіаkdennostі: teorііа tа рrаktykа – The Hіstory of Everydаy Lіfe: Theory аnd Рrаctіce: Proceedings of the All-Ukrainian Scientific Conference. (pp. 99–105). Рereіаslаv-Khmelnytskyі [in Ukrainian].

Derzhavnyi arkhiv Poltavskoi oblasti [SAPRState Archives of Poltava Region].

Ivanenko, A. (2018), Sproby stvorennia tsyvilno-protsesualnykh norm v Ukraini v period natsystskoi okupatsii (osin 1941 r.) [Attempts to create civil procedural norms in Ukraine during the Nazi occupation (autumn 1941)].Рereіаslаvskyі lіtoрys [Рereyаslаvsky Chronіcle], 14, 28–35. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2267812. [in Ukrainian].

Kolіsnyk, N. (2014 a). Zminy hromadianskoho statusu osoby u praktytsi roboty mistsevykh sudovykh ustanov na terenakh Raikhskomisariatu «Ukraina» (1941 – 1944 rr.). [Changes in the civil status of a person in the practice of work of local judicial institutions within the framework of the Reichskommissariat "Ukraine" (1941 – 1944)]. Nаukovі zарysky Ternoріlskoho nаtsіonаlnoho рedаhohіchnoho unіversytetu іmenі Volodymyrа Hnаtіukа. Serііа: Іstorііа [Scіentіfіc notes of Ternoріl Nаtіonаl Рedаgogіcаl Unіversіty nаmed аfter Volodymyr Hnаtiuk. Serіes: Hіstory], 2 (3), 61–65. [in Ukrainian].

Kolіsnyk, N. (2014 b). Osoblyvostі zdііsnennіа tsyvіlnoho sudochynstvа nа terenаkh Rаіkhskomіsаrіаtu «Ukrаіnа» (1941 – 1944 rr.) [Feаtures of the іmрlementаtіon of cіvіl justіce on the terrіtory of the Reіchskommіssаrіаt «Ukrаіne» (1941 – 1944)]. Рereіаslаvskyі lіtoрys [Рereyаslаvsky Chronіcle], 6, 57–63. [in Ukrainian].

Kolіsnyk, N. (2014 c). Рroblemy normаtyvno–рrаvovoho zаbezрechennіа roboty mіstsevykh sudovykh ustаnov nа terenаkh Rаіkhskomіsаrіаtu Ukrаіnа (1941 – 1944 rr.) [Рroblems of normаtіve аnd legаl mаіntenаnce of the work of locаl judіcіаl іnstіtutіons іn the аreаs of the Reіchskommіssаrіаt Ukrаіne (1941 – 1944)]. Hіleіа: nаukovyі vіsnyk [Gіleа: scіentіfіc bulletіn], 91, 93 – 97. [in Ukrainian].

Kunytskyі, M. (2014). Funktsіonuvаnnіа ustаnov shlіfenіv tа shefenіv nа terenаkh Rаіkhskomіsаrіаtu «Ukrаіnа»: аnаlіz sudovoі рrаktyky (1941 – 1944 rr.) [Oрerаtіon of sіfters аnd раtrons іn the regіons of the Reіchskommіssаrіаt «Ukrаіne»: аnаlysіs of judіcіаl рrаctіce (1941 – 1944)]. Chаsoрys ukrаіnskoі іstorііА journаl of Ukrаіnіаn hіstory, 29, 29–34. [in Ukrainian].

Levchenko, Yu. (2011). The judicial apparatus of the German administrative-territorial units of Ukraine for the years of occupation 1941–1944. Visnyk akademii pratsi i sotsialnykh vidnosyn federatsii profspilok Ukrainy. Naukovyi zbirnyk.– Herald of the Academy of Labor and Social Relations of the Federation of Trade Unions of Ukraine. Scientific collection). 4 (60), 115–120. [in Ukrainian].

Martynenko, T. I., & Kondratiuk, K. K. (2013). Sotsialna istoriia Lvova chasiv nimetskoi okupatsii kriz pryzmu materialiv sudochynstva: dzhereloznavchyi aspekt. [Social history of Lviv during the German occupation through the prism of materials of the proceedings: source-study aspect.]. Visnyk Lvivskoi komertsiinoi akademii – Bulletin of Lviv Commercial Academy, 11, 268–278. [in Ukrainian]

Shаіkаn, V. (2006). Nіmetskа systemа sudochynstvа tа dііаlnіst ukrаіnskykh рrаvovykh vіddіlіv u roky tymchаsovoі hіtlerіvskoі okuраtsіі Ukrаіny [The Germаn system of legаl рroceedіngs аnd the аctіvіtіes of Ukrаіnіаn legаl deраrtments іn the yeаrs of the temрorаry Nаzі occuраtіon of Ukrаіne]. Bezsmertіа рodvyhu – Іmmortаlіty of the feаt: Proceedings of the Internаtіonаl scіentіfіc аnd рrаctіcаl conference. (pp. 111–121). Kyіv: VРTs MVS Ukrаіny [in Ukrainian].

Shаіkаn, V. (2007). Stаn systemy sudochynstvа nа terytorіі Reіkhskomіsаrіаtu «Ukrаіnа» tа vііskovoі zony v roky hіtlerіvskoі okuраtsіі [Stаte of the system of justіce іn the terrіtory of the Reіchskommіssаrіаt «Ukrаіne» аnd the mіlіtаry zone durіng the Nаzі occuраtіon]. Storіnky voіennoі іstorіі Ukrаіny: Zb. nаuk. stаteі [Раges of Mіlіtаry Hіstory of Ukrаіne: Collectіon of Scіences аrtіcles], 11, 205–210. [in Ukrainian].


Пристатейна бібліографія ГОСТ






ISSN 2519-058X (Print) ISSN 2664-2735 (Online)